The North American Aviation T-6 Texan was a single-engine
advanced trainer aircraft used to train pilots of the United States Army Air
Forces (USAAF), United States Navy, Royal Air Force and other air forces of the
British Commonwealth during World War II and into the 1970s. Designed by North
American Aviation, the T-6 is known by a variety of designations depending on
the model and operating air force. The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) and
USAAF designated it as the AT-6, the United States Navy the SNJ, and British
Commonwealth air forces, the Harvard, the name it is best known by outside of
the US. After 1962, US forces designated it the T-6. It remains a popular
warbird aircraft used for airshow demonstrations and static displays. It has
also been used many times to simulate the Japanese Mitsubishi Zero in movies
depicting World War II in the Pacific.
The Texan originated from the North American NA-16 prototype (first
flown on April 1, 1935) which, modified as the NA-26, was submitted as an entry
for a USAAC "Basic Combat" aircraft competition in March, 1937. The
first model went into production and 180 were supplied to the USAAC as the BC-1
and 400 to the RAF as the Harvard I. The US Navy received 16 modified aircraft,
designated the SNJ-1, and a further 61 as the SNJ-2 with a different engine.
The BC-1 was the production version of the NA-26 prototype,
with retractable tailwheel landing gear and the provision for armament, a
two-way radio, and the 550 hp. (410 kW) R-1340-47 engine as standard equipment.
Production versions included the BC-1 (Model NA-36) with only minor
modifications (177 built), of which 30 were modified as BC-1I instrument
trainers; the BC-1A (NA-55) with airframe revisions (92 built); and a single
BC-1B with a modified wing center-section.
Three BC-2 aircraft were built before the shift to the
"advanced trainer" designation, AT-6, which was equivalent to the
BC-1A. The differences between the AT-6 and the BC-1 were new outer wing panels
with a swept forward trailing edge, squared-off wingtips and a triangular
rudder, producing the canonical Texan silhouette. After a change to the rear of
the canopy, the AT-6 was designated the Harvard II for RAF/RCAF orders and
1,173 were supplied by purchase or Lend Lease, mostly operating in Canada as
part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan.
****NOTE: BOX IS DAMAGED –SEALED, ALL CONTENTS INTACT****